Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for OCD
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. It has a particular set of symptoms that are mostly easily identifiable, and once identified, requires immediate treatment, as it can become an obstacle in a person’s daily life.
People who live with OCD often are subjected to obsessive or repetitive thoughts that are hard to overcome and repetitive, compulsive, patterned actions that can be hard to stop.
Various methods have been developed for identifying the presence and tracking the growth or development of the disorder in a person. The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale is one such popular method. It is used to diagnose the severity of the disorder in a person suffering from it. This scale has helped psychologists and doctors all over the world to check the status of OCD in their patients or for the purpose of general research.
Dr. Wayne Goodman, along with his colleagues, designed the scale, which is now extensively used for clinical, diagnostic and research purposes. The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale has separate means to measure both the obsessions and compulsions associated with OCD without being judgmental or biased regarding the actuality and frequency of the obsessions or compulsions.
The scale consists of 10 items that are used to clinically rate the severity of the prevalent obsessions or compulsions. Each of these items can be rated on a scale of zero to 40, with zero being the absence of symptoms and 40 being the extreme presence of symptoms.
The test consists of questions about both obsessions and compulsions, such as how much distress they cause, how much time they take up in a person's daily routine, how tightly they are bound by these and how much free thought they are able to enjoy.
Interpretation of the results is done using the scores obtained by evaluating the answers to the test’s questions or items. If the scores range from zero to 7, the condition is sub-clinical and does not require clinical help. If the score lies between eight and 14, the condition may be mildly clinical. A score within 16 to 23 is considered moderate, and 24 to 32 is a case of severe OCD. A score ranging from 32 to 40 is a considered to be an extreme case. Any person suspected of having OCD should immediately make an appointment with an Indianapolis psychiatrist.