How to care for your skin

How to care for your skin

The skin is the largest and most visible organ of the human body. It protects your other organs and often reflects how healthy you are inside. The skin of your face is especially visible and plays a large role in identity and making a first impression. This makes skin care an essential part of your health and well-being. Following are a few recommendations to ensure that your skin reflects your best self.

Washing

Cleanse your skin regularly to keep it healthy. If you have sensitive or acne-prone skin, cleansing should involve mild cleansers used with or without water twice daily. These cleansers dissolve sweat, oil and dead skin cells which can encourage bacterial growth.

Moisturizing

Cleansing should be followed by moisturizing. The best time to apply a moisturizer is directly after showering or bathing. Pat or blot your skin until it's just barely dry, then apply moisturizer immediately to help trap water in the surface cells.

Moisturizers can protect sensitive skin, improve skin tone and texture, and mask imperfections. Because of our climate, most people need to restore moisture to dry skin. Choose a heavier, oil-based moisturizer or for very dry, cracked skin, petrolatum-based products are preferable. They have more staying power than creams do and are more effective at preventing water from evaporating from your skin.

It's good to maintain a healthy skepticism of products that promise to transform your skin and your looks. Because skin care products are not subject to approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, their benefits may not be adequately tested and their claims may be exaggerated. Don’t necessarily buy the most expensive brand. Keep in mind that cost has no definite relationship to effectiveness. Ask your dermatologist for recommendations for skin care products that have strong science behind them and have been proven safe and effective in human studies.

UV protection

Another critical step in caring for your skin is to protect it from the sun. You need to protect your skin from the sun every day. Too much sun can result in fine lines and wrinkles in the skin over time and has been associated with an increased risk of skin cancer.

To protect yourself use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. Look for a sunscreen that protects you from both UVA and UVB rays, often labeled as “broad-spectrum.” I prefer products with at least 6-9% zinc oxide. Don’t forget you can also cover up by wearing a hat, sunglasses, and clothes that cover your arms and legs. Also, seek shade especially when the sun's rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. Don’t ever use tanning beds as they have been associated with an increased incidence of skin cancer and can age the skin faster.


About this Angie's List Expert: Dr. Angela Brimhall completed medical school at the University of North Texas after finishing an undergraduate degree at Brigham Young University. She continued her training at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where she successfully completed her dermatology residency and an internship in internal medicine. Dr. Brimhall provides dermatology care for Salt Lake City residents at Swinyer-Swoseth Dermatology, a 2012 Angie's List Super Service Award Winner.

As of August 9, 2013, this service provider was highly rated on Angie's List. Ratings are subject to change based on consumer feedback, so check Angie's List for the most up-to-date reviews. The views expressed by this author do not necessarily reflect those of Angie's List.


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Taking care of your skin can also help improve your overall health. (Photo courtesy of Cynthia Phuphanich)
Taking care of your skin can also help improve your overall health. (Photo courtesy of Cynthia Phuphanich)

Want to avoid premature wrinkles and protect your skin? Highly rated dermatologists offer ways to give your skin a healthy glow.

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