Does a leaking water heater violate code?

Does a leaking water heater violate code?

Dear Angie: My water heater is leaking. The plumber I hired said it would cost $150 for a water heater code violation. Do you know what he is talking about? Is there such a thing? – G.C., Columbia, S.C.

Dear G.C.: I reached out to the City of Columbia’s Code Enforcement division and spoke to a few local plumbers who are highly rated on Angie's List. Based on the unanimous assessment of your situation, I’m confident there are no residential codes related specifically to water heaters leaking in Columbia. If a water heater is leaking in your private residence and it’s not affecting other properties around you, it’s highly unlikely that city inspectors would make a priority of asking to see your water heater, or taking action against you if they did. But that doesn’t mean you should ignore your leak.

There are a couple of scenarios where a leaky water heater could draw a fine from property maintenance inspectors. For example, if you lived in an apartment and the water heater leaked causing damage to the apartment below; or, if you owned a rental property, the water heater was leaking and you didn’t correct it, the renters could complain to the city property maintenance inspectors. If you didn’t correct the problem, property maintenance officials could issue you a fine. Whether it’s a finable offense or not, though, a plumber is not the person to impose – or collect on – such a fine.

All that said, any water heater must be installed in compliance with the International Plumbing Code. It’s possible that what your plumber was trying to convey is that it will cost $150 to repair the water heater in a manner that makes it compliant with the International Plumbing Code.

Though your problem isn’t likely to draw a fine, it is still important that you have the leak repaired. Not only will a leaky water heater cause an increase in your water bills, it could lead to severe water damage to your home, plus make the water heater unsafe to operate. So I recommend you contact at least two more reputable and licensed plumbers in your area for an estimate on the repairs needed to stop the leak.

If you do feel the plumber was trying to collect this “fine,” please reach out to city licensing officials with that plumber’s information. If the plumber put any of that information in writing, that could help officials determine if the plumber was misrepresenting his services and if there should be ramifications as a result.

Lastly, anytime a contractor tells you that you have a code violation, seek the opinion of at least two more reputable professionals in your area to help make sure what you’re being told is legitimate. When in doubt, contact your local code enforcement agency.

Angie’s List collects about 65,000 consumer reviews each month covering more than 550 home and health services. Angie Hicks compiles the best advice from the most highly rated service pros on Angie’s List to answer your questions. Ask Angie your question at

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Howard Reid

Subject: Water heater replacement

I have installed and repaired a lot of water heaters,some of the repairs were on heaters replaced just a few years before because they did not replace the water supply lines.
This is something should be replace every time .
Another item that is not always there when it should be is a expansion tank.
A lot of properties did'nt have a water meter when they were built and were added years later which adds a check valve in your water system.
Now when your water heater heats water the added pressure has no where to go until the pressure relief valve releases which can be to much for dated supply lines under your sinks and cause them too burst flooding your house.
I have repaired such problems in the past.lucky thing that the home owners were home too hear it when it happened making the flood not as bad as could of been

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