A doctor who specializes in obstetrics works with pregnancy and normally trains in gynecology so that he or she can work with all types of women's reproductive health issues, dubbed OB/GYN. Doctors in this field spend about 12 years getting their education and completing their state licensure commitments.
OB/GYN doctors can specialize in gynecologic oncology or critical care medicine. Those who choose oncology work with reproductive cancers and provide support to pregnant mothers with cancer. Those who choose critical care treat women with multiple organ dysfunctions. Doctors can also specialize in infertility and reproductive endocrinology or maternal and fetal medicine. Subspecialties require an additional one to three years of training.
OB/GYN doctors often perform surgery in addition to diagnostics and drug treatment. For example, they may perform a Cesarean section when necessary or a dilation and curettage for treatment or diagnostics.