Bottom plate: The lowest horizontal framing component in the wall. The bottom plate may also be referred to as a soleplate, because most of the other framing components rely solely on this plate for support.
Ceiling joist: A wood or steel beam positioned horizontally between the top sides of the wall frame. Finished ceiling material and rafters are nailed to these beams for support.
Doubler or doubled: Two structural components nailed together to double the strength of the support.
Finish or finished carpentry: A type of carpentry that focuses on cabinetry, model building, fine woodworking, joinery, parquetry and other similar projects that involve acute attention to detail.
Gable: The most common type of roof that features a simple design where the rafters are the same length and pitch on each side, and meet in the middle of the span. Essentially, any roof that fits the prototype of a standard triangle roof would be considered a gable.