Pediatric urologists treat both congenital conditions, including malformations of the urinary tract and the genitalia. Doctors often see young patients suffering from obstructions within the urinary tract that may be caused by kidney stones, kidney infections or tumors. Pediatric urologists also treat bladder problems that result in bedwetting as well as complications from spina bifida, cystic diseases, cancer and genital disorders.
Pediatric urologists must complete several years of post-graduate education, including medical school training, a surgical internship and residency training. The residency program provides more focused training for doctors to develop and hone their skills and specialize in a particular field of interest. Before any doctor starts a practice, he or she must also pass a national medical examination in order to become a licensed medical professional. Pediatric urologists who attain board certification by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) have met the requirements for developing a professional level of expertise and knowledge within the field.