Orthopedics is the branch of medicine that focuses on the bones, joints and limbs. In other words, orthopedic doctors can treat problems with joint infections or injuries, spine or limb deformities and broken bones. A pediatric orthopedic surgeon has specific training and experience in treating these problems in children. When it comes to limbs, the needs of children are much different than adults, whose bones are fully solidified, fused and grown.
Pediatric doctors treat children from birth through their teenage years. Because children are growing so much during this time, their joints and bones are constantly changing. This is what makes a pediatric orthopedic doctor so important when children are facing injuries or other problems with their limbs. An orthopedic surgeon trained in treating adults may not be able to provide this level of expertise.