Nephrology is a field of medicine that involves maintaining the health of your kidneys. Pediatric nephrology involves the care of the kidneys of infants, children and adolescents.
The kidneys are located in the back of your body, beneath the ribcage and on either side of the spine. These bean-shaped organs are primarily responsible for filtering wastes from the blood and sending any extra fluids through the ureters to the bladder. From the bladder, you then excrete the fluid waste as urine. The kidneys also help regulate blood pressure by producing renin, an enzyme that helps control the restriction of blood vessels.
If the kidneys aren't working properly, this can cause several problems. First, the kidneys won't successfully filter waste material from the blood and subsequently rid excess fluid from the body. Because renin is so instrumental in regulating blood pressure, children with kidney problems may face blood pressure problems as well.
Like other medical specialists, pediatric nephrologists need to earn their bachelor's degree in premed or a related field and complete medical school and an internship in internal medicine. They also will need to complete a pediatric residency as well as a fellowship in pediatric nephrology.