Pediatric neurosurgeons are specially trained to diagnose, treat and manage disorders that affect the nervous system, head or spine of children — from the newborn stage through the teenage years.
These pediatric surgeons treat patients for conditions such as epilepsy, cerebral palsy, brain tumors, headaches, sleep disorders, neurometabolic disorders, developmental delays, spina bifida, head or spine deformities, birth injuries, multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy.
Although nervous system disorders can cause varying symptoms, many pediatric neurology patients experience developmental delays in such abilities as walking, speaking or sitting up, as well as a lack of growth or changes in reflexes and movement. Patients often face challenges related to coordination, changes in mood or consciousness level, tremors, muscle rigidity, seizures, slurred speech or muscle wasting. In addition to these symptoms, children with neurological issues may also experience severe headaches, visual changes, numbness or tingling.
These issues can point to a variety of nervous system disorders caused by trauma, tumors, autoimmune disorders, structural defects, infections, disruption of blood flow or degeneration.