Pediatric neurosurgeons are specially trained to diagnose, treat and manage disorders that affect the nervous system, head and spine of children. Although nervous system disorders can cause varying symptoms, many patients experience developmental delays in such abilities as walking, speaking or sitting up, as well as a lack of growth or changes in reflexes and movement.
Pediatric neurosurgeons may treat patients for conditions such as epilepsy, cerebral palsy, brain tumors, headaches, sleep disorders, neurometabolic disorders, developmental delays, spina bifida, multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy.
Patients may face challenges related to coordination, changes in mood or consciousness level, tremors, muscle rigidity, seizures, slurred speech or muscle wasting. In addition to these symptoms, children with neurological issues may also experience severe headaches, visual changes, numbness or tingling. These issues can point to a variety of nervous system disorders caused by trauma, tumors, autoimmune disorders, structural defects, infections, disruption of blood flow or degeneration.