Podiatrists treat many kinds of foot-related ailments. Patients suffering from diabetes, for example, may experience problems in the feet that require special care. Podiatrists help patients suffering from bone spurs, arch disorders, sports injuries and arthritis. They also diagnose and treat pain within the tendons and joints and help patients suffering from ingrown toenails and warts. Podiatrists are educated and trained to provide both basic services, such as callus removal, and more advanced treatments, such as surgical procedures.
Podiatrists examine patients and diagnose their problems using a variety of methods, which may include lab tests and X-rays. During your initial visit, the podiatrist will ask you to describe your symptoms and point out the areas of the foot, ankle or lower leg area where you're experiencing pain or discomfort. Depending on the diagnosis, one treatment might prescribe specially designed orthotics, which you wear in the shoes to help increase your mobility. If the diagnosis extends to the bones within the ankles and feet, other options may include surgery.