Nephrology is the field of internal medicine that deals with the study and function of the kidneys, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases. On an average day, your kidneys process 200 quarts of blood, which sift out up to two quarts of waste and extra water. This extra waste and water becomes urine that you excrete from your body during urination.
Removing waste products is crucial part of maintaining a healthy body. Waste comes from the breakdown of food and tissues such as muscles. Once the body takes what it needs from food, the rest becomes waste that the body needs to eliminate. If the kidneys can't complete this process, waste builds up in the body and causes damage.
Kidney damage or kidney failure may prevent proper filtering of wastes. In these cases, you'll need to undergo dialysis, which artificially replaces this lost kidney function.
The kidneys play a very important role in your bodily functions, so nephrology, in turn, is a very important branch of medicine. Nephrologists study these organs and can diagnose and treat you when a problem arises. Getting kidney care can help you avoid future problems down the road, problems that are more serious and life threatening. Always seek out your doctor if you suspect something isn't right.