Hospitals, traditionally known as "places of hospitality," used to be run by religious orders or volunteers. Now they include several different types of medical facilities. These medical centers usually consist of several buildings in a campus setting and are categorized according to the services they offer, the patients they serve and the organizations that run the facility.
Short-stay facilities are often referred to as acute care facilities because they focus on resolving sudden or pressing problems, such as a heart attack. Long-term care includes rehabilitation and psychiatric facilities.
Community, or general, hospitals are another common facility type. In addition to being the go-to place for illness and injury treatment, these facilities normally operate an emergency department to deal with urgent needs, and they often have their own ambulance service.
District and regional healthcare facilities are a larger version of this facility type. Their more specialized facilities include more beds for intensive and long-term care and specialized units that handle specific needs, such as childbirth or cancer treatment.
Specialized facilities meet specific needs, such as trauma, children, rehabilitation and psychiatric care. Certain fields, such as cardiology or oncology, have their own specialized care centers as well.
Teaching facilities are affiliated with universities. Patients are often examined and treated by both the attending physician and physicians in training. These campuses often have state-of-the-art equipment and highly qualified physicians.