Most homeowners call electricians in an emergency or if they're building or remodeling. It's important to research a contractor and find a skilled electrician before you need one. By building a rapport with an electrician, you can be sure that they will be there to help when you need their services. So, you'll want to hire an electrician for regular inspections before an emergency takes place. A good electrical contractor will become familiar with your home's systems and possibly discover emerging problems before they become major situations.
Hiring an electrician is an important decision because they work with critical home systems that affect nearly every aspect of the building and can cause significant inconvenience, damage or even house fires if the work goes wrong.
As always, homeowners should get multiple bids to ensure they received the best price for the service. To vet the companies, homeowners should ask about the following items:
Up-to-date education: A reputable company will require staff to attend regular training courses and stay current on the National Electrical Code, which is amended every three years.
Pulling permits: A permit is usually required in most counties and from the power company any time you're replacing a home's main electrical equipment or doing a significant amount of rewiring. The cost of the permit is often included in your electrician's bill, but be sure to ask. With the permit comes an inspection to ensure the work meets code.
Legitimate licensing: If your state requires electricians to be licensed, check that the license is current. Poor wire connections, overloaded circuits, improper grounding and broken safety elements on an electrical panel are just a few of the problems that can arise from bad workmanship. To check an electrician's licensing, refer to the Angie’s List License Check tool. You should also protect yourself by verifying the hold the appropriate bonding and insurance, including general liability and workers' compensation coverage.
Specialization: Since companies specialize in different areas and scopes of work, it's important for homeowners to hire the right company. If a homeowner only wants to replace outlets and switches, then he or she probably shouldn't waste time calling commercial electricians that wire large buildings.
Find out who's doing the work: You'll want to know if the electrician does the job themselves, if they employ helpers or apprentices, or if they use subcontractors. In the case of helpers and apprentices, verify that a licensed electrician will supervise them, and in the case of subcontractors, make certain their insurance covers you as well.
Ask about their warranty: Highly rated electricians say a good contractor will offer a parts and labor warranty to show that they stand behind their work.
Most electricians learn on the job through an apprenticeship program of several years, which tends to vary by state. Most state licenses require a certain number of hours of on-the-job training. The path of how to become an electrician depends on several factors, including whether the company is union or non-union, state regulations and the demand for more electricians in that region.
The path on how to become electrician usually starts either with an apprenticeship or a term as an electrician's helper. Electricians in training observe their mentors at work, take on some of the task, learn the roles of electrician's tools and take on greater and greater responsibility as they progress. Their salary also increases by year until they're reader to take the test to acquire their electrical license. They can also undergo specialized education at a technical school or a union training facility, which usually involves matching the trainee with an appropriate electrical contractor.