The term "Oriental rug" refers to a wide range of floor coverings. The term is broadly used to refer to rugs that are made in Asian countries. The most prolific rug-making countries include Iran, Turkey, China and India. You also will see references to Caucasian rugs; this refers to rugs made in the Caucasus Mountains, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. More recently, Southeast Asian countries, notably Vietnam, have begun creating Oriental rugs for export.
Authentic Oriental rugs are constructed by hand and made of wool, cotton or silk. In modern usage, you may see the term used to describe machine-made rugs with an Asian motif. For this article, we'll use "Oriental rug" to refer to handmade floor coverings.
Oriental rugs are designed to tell a story, with different patterns symbolizing life events and a region's history. Different countries and areas use a few primary motifs. These are one way to tell where an Oriental rug was made.