Know your HVAC filter options

Washable electrostatic filters come in several standard sizes.

Washable electrostatic filters come in several standard sizes.

Everyone agrees that you should change your HVAC filter on a regular basis, but not everyone agrees on the type of filter you should use. Next time you go shopping for a furnace (or AC) filter, here are a few things to keep in mind. These tips can save you a bundle and perhaps even prevent you from inadvertently damaging your HVAC equipment.

The primary purpose of a filter is to protect HVAC equipment, not to improve indoor air quality, as many homeowners have been led to believe. Many furnace manufacturers recommend that you use a low-cost fiberglass filter, but when I asked a representative of one major maker, his response was “no comment.”

Perhaps this was because high-efficiency filters that are too good may actually slow airflow across the heat exchanger, reducing the unit’s efficiency, raising your energy bills, and causing furnace damage due to overheating. Similarly, a high-efficiency filter can freeze the condensing coils on an AC unit. (A dirty filter can do the same thing.)

Even more of a shocker is that furnace filters do relatively little to reduce the number of small particles you inhale. That’s because these particles tend to be in the air wherever there is human activity—and that’s not necessarily where your return registers and ductwork can capture them, according to research by the Canada Housing and Mortgage Corporation (CHMC).

In addition, furnaces (and central ACs) run only seasonally. Even during the heating and cooling seasons, furnaces run only part of the time. So it stands to reason they are not filtering the air when the fan is not running.

Want to save money and stop wasting time trying to figure out conflicting furnace filter maker ratings systems? Make your next filter a permanent electrostatic filter (also known as a washable one). The kit I tried is available online and can be cut to fit most filter cabinets. Washable filters may be reused for 5 to 10 years and cost about $20 each. These filters should be rinsed once a month and prior to re-installation, they should be allowed to dry. Some permanent electrostatic filters include carbon filtration for odor removal.

Keep in mind that electrostatic filters are most effective when new and clean, so they should be washed frequently. Pre-made sizes are limited, but some manufacturers, such as WebProducts, will fabricate filters to your specs for about $35 each.

This article was originally published at bobvila.com.


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Dave Mejean, HVAC manager for B&W Plumbing Heating and Air Conditioning in Indianapolis, shows how easy it is to change a furnace filter. (Photo by Brandon Smith)
Dave Mejean, HVAC manager for B&W Plumbing Heating and Air Conditioning in Indianapolis, shows how easy it is to change a furnace filter. (Photo by Brandon Smith)

Changing the filter on your HVAC system is important to maintain proper efficiency. Find out which filter option might work best for your household.

Comments

This article (originally from BobVila.com) suggests that washable filters are the best (some filtration but not too much). But another article on this website says just the opposite--that these are the worst! See "How to choose an HVAC air filter," Jul 29 2014, by Mike Brosseit. So which is it?!

George, thanks for your feedback! The fact that permanent electrostatic filters haven’t been phased out by the industry proves they’re not unpopular or harmful to a furnace. But the same could be said about other types of filters. According to Mr. Provey, who is slightly more focused on mechanical aspects, permanent electrostatic filters are better for a furnace’s operation. However, homeowners often choose a filter that provides better air quality—one with a higher minimum efficiency reporting value (MERV). A furnace, like anything else, will need maintenance or repair at some point. To homeowners, though, cleaner air is likely more important. With regular check-ups from a qualified heating and cooling professional, your furnace should be able to handle any type of filter. Sincerely, James F. |  Staff writer, Angie’s List Magazine

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