How clogged gutters can cause foundation damage

Clogged gutters can cause water to flow down the sides of the home and pool around its foundation. (Photo courtesy of Angie's List member Jeanine L. of Felton, Del.)

Clogged gutters can cause water to flow down the sides of the home and pool around its foundation. (Photo courtesy of Angie's List member Jeanine L. of Felton, Del.)

Gutters are basically long channels that sit along the lower edge of your roof. They're designed to capture all the water that hits your roof when it rains or melts after a snow, ensuring that it travels safely to the ground.

These channels are angled slightly to direct water to the downspouts, which allow the water to fall to the ground in a controlled manner. The end of the downspout is curved to ensure the water is deposited away from the home's foundation. Without the gutter, or with a defective or clogged gutter, the water would simply fall right next to the house and form a pool near the foundation.

Foundations and water damage

Once water pools near the foundation, two major issues can arise along with a host of smaller problems. First, pooling water means the soil underneath the water is completely saturated, and putting an enormous amount of pressure on the side of your home. Over time, this pressure can cause the basement and lower walls to push inward or crack.

Second, when the water finally drains off, it may erode away the soil, causing the foundation to settle. This can eventually result in uneven floors or cracks in walls and chimneys.

Once cracks appear in the foundation, even if a collapse is not about to happen, water will then enter the home through those cracks where it can cause mold growth.

Keeping your gutters clean

With all the damage standing water can do to your home, you certainly want to keep your gutters operating at peak efficiency. Over the course of the year, especially in the spring and fall, debris from nearby trees and even your yard can get clogged in your gutters.

Preventing these blockages is simply a matter of cleaning your gutters and downspouts twice each year. For the handy, this means climbing a ladder and scooping out the gunk. For those who don't want to get up on a ladder, almost any contractor who does gutter installations will also offer a cleaning service for a small fee. There are also gutter protection products available such as covers, screens and inserts. While they won't completely remove the maintenance factor, they can significantly reduce the chances of a blockage.

For more information, please visit the Angie's List Guide to Gutter Systems.


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Downspouts play important role in the gutter system

downspout.jpg

Downspouts help channel water down the roof and away from a home's foundation. (Photo courtesy of Angie's List member Dan B. of Portland, Ore.)
Downspouts help channel water down the roof and away from a home's foundation. (Photo courtesy of Angie's List member Dan B. of Portland, Ore.)

One of the key aspects of the gutter system is the downspout. Understanding the downspout's purpose and importance will help ensure that you keep your gutter system operating at peak efficiency all year long.

Comments

Instructed the seller of a property to clean out scuppers as they were loaded with pine needles and should we receive rain you may have flooding. First on the inspection there were signs of water penetration in this area from the roof. Well, needless to say seller didn't listen and we had a terrific rain storm shortly after and you guessed it, flooding. Well, renter calls to complain what we were going to do about it, this was my response, " Nothing. First you were not the procurer of the inspection nor owner of the property, so I do not need to speak with you, have the seller call. Second, our report clearly with photos and sentences spells out "Recommend clean scuppers to avoid water damage." Your owner chose not to listen. Her response, "Owner is 90 year sold." I said has nothing to do with it and not our problem. She told me she would see us in court. This was many months ago. Oh yes I did say should she take us to court I will counter-sue for lost time and expenses. Never heard from again. Don't be bullied. Stick to your guns. If they are wrong, let them know it. She was a renter wanting to buy the property using the report done for the seller. She expected us to have the damage repaired. Not in this lifetime.

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